Friday, May 22, 2020
Many years ago, Africa grew several powers from the control of European countries. The Western countries send emissaries to explore and establish trade with native, but in that case same other attract on working people having come there to work and live and to government the country when they need. The word imperializem in my attention came as a domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country. We have to be clear with what happened in Africa and the region which represents a great rich country for materials and get attention of many European country for goods and wealth potential. Europian estabilished colonies in the African coastal region became more aggresive later on once they were expanding into other lands. We can see that in the names Africa s countries have under the colony. For example, the Belgian Congo instead of The Congo, Anglo Egypyian Sudan istead of Sudan, or German Southwest Africa Namibia insted of Namibi. Those countries hav e both Europian and African names which means that they belong and under which power rule they are. However, The African countries nowadays tried to take way the kind of patterns they have, but the Congo, Cameroon and Central African Republic are still suffering from the legacies of western imperialism. The Congo has a very interesting story behind it. The King of Belgium was given the Congo during the Berlin Conference. He used the Congo as a storage place for many of his possesions. ThisShow MoreRelatedSouth Afric A Country Of Diversity1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSouth Africa is a country of diversity, with 11 languages that are officially recognized--Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu (Statistics South Africa, 2011). Although South Africa has diverse communities, much of its history has proven a lack of representation. Up until 1994, South Africa was ruled by a white minority government, which came into power in 1948 and enforced a racial segregation policy called apartheidÃ¢â¬âa policy that mandatesRead MoreSouth Afric A Country Of Diversity2123 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesGroup Portion Background South Africa is a country of diversity, with 11 languages that are officially recognized--Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu (Statistics South Africa, 2011). Although South Africa has diverse communities, much of its history has proven a lack of representation. Up until 1994, South Africa was ruled by a white minority government, which came into power in 1948 and enforced a racial segregation policy called apartheidÃ¢â¬âaRead MoreSouth Afric A Country Found At The Southern Tip Of Africa Essay2104 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBackground Information South Africa is a country found at the southern tip of Africa that boasts of a relatively rich history. Dutch traders arrived at the south most tip of present day South Africa in 1652 and built a stopover point on the path that was used to transport spice between Holland and the Far East, consequently instituting the town of Cape Town. After the British captured the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch residents fled to the north to institute their own republicsRead MoreGeert Hofstedes Dimensions of Culture1303 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof values in the countries and regions he studied and can vary greatly within each country. Although Hofstede s work is somewhat dated and has rightly been criticized on a number of grounds the dimens ions are useful in unders tanding that members of various societies are likely to behave in different ways in a given s ituation. Power Distance Index (PDI) is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept thatRead MoreThe Great Britain s Era Of Colonization1940 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Paul R. Bontempo William E. Balding Mrs. Malangoni English 12-8 British Colonialism Introduction Colonialism is the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. (Ã¢â¬Å"ColonialismÃ¢â¬ ). Great BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s era of colonization is between the years of 1607 to the present day, as Britain maintains a collective of Crown dependencies such as The Isle of Man, Guernsey, and Jersey, British Overseas Territories suchRead MoreChina in Africa Essay20116 Words Ã |Ã 81 PagesNAI Research Director Fantu Cheru. He suggests that policies and programmes to deal with the present imbalances between China and Africa require us to revisit and redefine the NEPAD agenda. A regional approach will, in his opinion, help African countries to negotiate from a stronger and better platform. During 2008 researchers at NAI will continue to devote attention to this topic. In our interview section we present one interview with Martha Qorro, professor in English language, on the questionRead MoreGlobal ization of South Africa8279 Words Ã |Ã 34 PagesTHE RAINBOW NATION, GOING BEYOND THE HORIZON - GLOBALIZATION OF SOUTH AFRICA Ã¢â¬â ABSTRACT This paper examines the advantage, disadvantage, trade and FDI in SA from globalization perspective. South Africa(SA) is the one of the post BRICs country and it has largest economy market in Africa. Following the democratic elections of 1994, SA corporations moved with alacrity into the rest of Africa and beyond. Mining houses led the way, followed by manufacturers and financial institutions. MultinationalRead MoreEssay on The Moor in the Works of William Shakespeare4150 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesby Catholic Spain prompted England to forgo the stigma of trading in munitions with Morocco. The Moor in English Renaissance Drama by Jack DAmico chronicles the international trading carried on in North Africa and the Ivory and Gold Coasts further south. Continuous trade was believed to have begun in the mid sixteenth century (DAmico 8). Blacks from Africa were also first present in England during this time. Although mostly documented as slaves, before the triangular slave trade became instit utionalizedRead MoreDid Slavery Cause Racism?3614 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagessolution: get the poor out of England. If dispatched to the New World, where there seemed limitless opportunities for work and boundless possibilities for upward social mobility, impoverished Englishmen could redeem themselves by enriching the mother country and spreading English influence abroad. In The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas (2000) David Eltis contended that other European powers could have imitated the English example and adopted some form of white bound labor to colonial needs.Read MoreInternational Car Buying Behaviour7179 Words Ã |Ã 29 Pagescar market competes with France and Italy, to be the second biggest in Europe behind Germany (Harbour, 1997: 7,22). The new registration of luxury marquesÃ¢â¬â¢ cars in 1997 in UK alone was 154,506 units (MAVEL, 1997: 59). In other markets, especially in South East Asia there are, of course, significant sales of luxury cars. However, these are limited to total volume either by the overall industry size or by local market conditions and preferences. Accordingly, the luxury car market overall is currently
Thursday, May 7, 2020
Hip hop has become an important figure to mainly the African Americans turning into African American Ã¢â¬Å"EnglishÃ¢â¬ relating to the culture because of the singing culture/tradition. Many agree that people do look for ways to find accustoms towards the culture or tradition. Ã¢â¬Å"Rap is the verbal-musical element of hip-hop which society mostly associates.Ã¢â¬ (Stewart) Many songs relate through some sort of expression, describing the way the hardships of people may have gone through, such as mother or father passing, being involved in gang related crimes; murdering people, selling drugs having friends/family being killed. Also going through parents lacking care to the child, having to see many inhumane things out in the Ã¢â¬Å"ghettoÃ¢â¬ has lead to many peopleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦During the 80s and 90s rappers did involve many of the Ã¢â¬Å"socialÃ¢â¬ critiques that were being faced. Through out the lives of the emotionally damaged rappers there was usuall y a story to every one of the songs produced. Usually containing a background story, sometimes in form of prayer because the people that explain this, do not know in what other form to pray to God. Some may say that such rappers as in Tupac who believed that God was present even in the most pro founded depressing situations. Although rapped about many luxuries that were committed to the wants Tupac pertained, also did explore more into police brutality, poverty and corruption with the Government. Tupac was very concerned with the way society was being governed. Believing that the law had turned numb towards the minoritiesÃ¢â¬â¢ situation. Tupac began to think and contemplate. Tupac went through many hard dealing situations as well, thus coming back to why rappers feel as if the voice inside is silent and have no other way to be heard of. Music has been a greatly part of the Ã¢â¬Å"rappersÃ¢â¬ life allowing to express and talk through stories within the lives of one another. Not just to society but also to God. The form of prayer the rapperÃ¢â¬â¢s pertain is just a call for someone to hear and act. Ã¢â¬Å"There should be a class on why people are hungry.Ã¢â¬ (Tupac) Why Tupac feels that society does not teach the people about real life but nonsense? Felt that society was being taught extremely immoral andShow MoreRelatedThe Mafia s Influence On Hip Hop1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe MafiaÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on Hip-Hop In Rap, there is a unique culture, history, social impact and influence on society. Hip-Hop/Rap is one of the most popular genre of music. It has helped shape the pop culture into what it is today. What is popular culture? The ideas, activities or products, which are popular among the general mass. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s pop culture, one subject that is at the top of the list is hip-hop/rap. Hip-Hop music highlights verses consisting of slang and catchy phrases, which someRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Lecrae 1689 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeing in the ghetto, to finding God and becoming the most popular gospel rapper in America, this is Lecrae. Background of Artist: Lecrae- Lecrae Moore was raised on the soil of the south side of Texas in Houston. He was raised by a single mother and frequently moved locations throughout his childhood. He moved from San Diego, to Denver, and finally to Dallas. This exposed him to various types of cultures which influenced his music as he grew up. Before he venerated God and used his message with producingRead MoreKu Klux Klan, By David Walker931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe song Ã¢â¬Å"Ku Klux No FucksÃ¢â¬ is a rap song meant to capture the ideologies of a white, male, Ku Klux Klan member. The song is what is known in the rap community as a Ã¢â¬Å"diss recordÃ¢â¬ , meaning that the song was made with intention of disrespecting or slandering a person, or group. In this case, Ã¢â¬Å"Ku Klux No FucksÃ¢â¬ is a diss record that slanders all non-white, non-Christian, non-heterosexual people in order to perpetuate the KlanÃ¢â¬â¢s residual, hegemonic, ideological belief structures. The contradictionsRead MoreMacklemo ores Shattering of Typical Rap Notions with The Heist715 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesquestion most peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s first response would not be Rap or Hip-Hop. Listening to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s rap music you hear the same rhythmic beat sampled and re-sampled to words that promote a Ã¢â¬Å"look at what I have themeÃ¢â¬ . But in 2013 an artist scaled the charts with a style and twist to Hip-Hop that appears to transcend genres. The commercial success of the album The Heist by Ben Haggerty (Macklemore), produced by Ryan Lewis, has transformed societyÃ¢â¬â¢s notion that todayÃ¢â¬â¢s rap music only glorifies drug and alcohol use,Read MoreAnalysis Of Rio De Janeiro And Rio s Crisis Of Social Exclusion And Violence1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRioÃ¢â¬â¢s poor population, leading to an upswing in the number of bailes held. It can be said that carioca funk is a result of the resignification of African North American music by Brazilian artists. Brazilian artists have had a long history of being inf luenced by African North American artists prior to the soul and funk scenes, with numerous Brazilian artists becoming greatly successful. Carlos PalombiniÃ¢â¬â¢s expounds upon the impact and similitude between hip-hop and carioca cunk, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"NOTESRead MoreHip Hop And Rap Music1628 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesverses in the bible where God is talking to the people of Israel and commanding them to praise him through music. Throughout the millenniums there have been many different types of music, over the years music has devolved into something spectacular. Over this last couple of decades theyÃ¢â¬â¢re has been a type of music that has grown, and become very important in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, and that has influenced many people. This genre is hip-hop/rap music. The hip-hop culture/ rap culture begin in New YorkRead More90s Hip Hop and Rap1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRap and hip-hop first started to come together in the 1970 s, but didn t really materialize and become popular until the 1990 s. With a huge surge in popularity and growth in the 1990 s, it seemed that rap and hip-hop had started a cultural phenomenon that still has noticeable effects easily seen today in music and also in pop culture. A cultural phenomenon is an idea, trend, or movement that shapes and defines that time period. During the 1990 s, rap and hip-hop spread like wild fire acrossRead MoreMisconceptions of Media Violence Essay1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesright and wrong comes from within and is not influenced by what is showed on television, or any other source of media for that matter. Advertising a product such as a George Forman grill is one thing... I myself have fallen for countless ads and sales pitches, but to use the media as a scapegoat for drug addiction, rape, and even murder is unfair and quite ridiculous. One might be influenced to buy a cologne, or a grill, but to be influenced to kill someone because of a violent show orRead MoreTranscendentalism in modern music1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Transcendentalism in modern music Transcendentalism influenced the 19th century and emphasized on the value of the individual and intuition. It was an idea that people were at their best when they we self reliant and independent. Ralph Waldo Emerson was the movements most important figure along with his main follower Henry David Thoreau. These two people were the most influential people during this movement. Transcendentalism was all about being an individual and it still endures todayRead MoreEssay On Tupac1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTupac Shakur, also known as 2pac and Makaveli, is a hip-hop icon. Not only was Tupac just a rapper, he was also a poet, actor, and a philosopher. Many people refer to him as a Ã¢â¬Å"Rap GodÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The King of RapÃ¢â¬ . Tupac was well-known for his Ã¢â¬Å"ThugÃ¢â¬ image, rap skills, and his many conflicts. He changed the world, especially with his music and meaningful lyrics. He was born in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, during the time of high racism against African Americans and the crack epidemic. While growing up in East Harlem, N
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(67) " interview with minimal interruption while I listened attentively\." In this essay, I will reflect upon my practice placements and discuss my development in relation to professional/ethical practice, care delivery, care management and personal/professional development. These are the four domains related to the learning outcomes required by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2004)) for entry in to the professional register. They are all concerned with promoting high standards of professional practice and good quality of patientÃ¢â¬â¢s care. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Practice or any similar topic only for you Order Now I will also reflect upon the Enquiry Based Learning (EBL) activities and discuss how these have contributed to my development in practice.I have changed all the names used in this essay for confidential reasons (NMC, 2004). Nurses and other health care professionals are faced with challenging and unique situations in practice, by reflecting on these experiences it allows learning to take place and gain flexible ways in which to respond to these situations (Burns and Bulman, 2000). According to Whitehead and Mason (2003, reflection is the process of examining personal thoughts and actions while focusing on your-self interaction as an individual with colleagues and the environment to obtain a clearer picture of their own behaviour.They further describe it as a process within which a practitioner can think about and achieve a better knowledge of their practice. It is therefore a learning tool which provides a basis for changing practice through a systematic procedure that is logically constructed. Two different forms of reflection exist, reflection-on-action and reflection-in-action. Reflection-on-action means re-running and analysing events which have occurred in the past while reflection-in-action entai ls examining individual behaviour and that of others in situations which offer learning opportunities (Maslin-Prothero, 1997).Therefore, by writing and keeping a reflective journal, nurses can identify personal and professional growth to recognize their achievements (Ghaye and Lillyman, 2001). EVIDENCE Professional/ethical practice Ethics is a code of principles governing correct behaviour and in the nursing profession; it includes behaviour towards clients, their families, visitors and colleagues (Fergusson et al, 1998). The professional and ethical obligations for nurses are set out in the new Ã¢â¬Å"code of professional conduct: standards for conduct, performance and ethicsÃ¢â¬ (NMC, 2004).NMC is the body that sets out regulations for registered Nurses and Midwives. The main purpose for these regulations is to inform the profession of the standard of conduct required of them, in terms of their professional accountability and practice (NMC, 2004). It is also to inform the public, other professions and employers, of the standard of conduct expected of a registered Nurse/Midwife (NMC, 2004). To achieve its aims and objectives, the NMC maintains a register of qualified Nurses and Midwives; sets out standard of Nursing and Midwifery education, practice and conduct.It als o provides advice on a professional standard to Nurses/Midwives and considers allegation of misconducts or unfitness to practice due to ill health. If a Nurse or Midwife acts against the code of conduct, he/she may have his/her names removed from the register (NMC, 2004). Care delivery Delivering care to various client groups across different care settings must be orientated towards practice which is responsive to their needs (Hinchcliff et al, 2003). It is reflected through the ability to assess needs, diagnose and plan, implement and evaluate care and empower clients and their carers to participate actively.Care management This is the capacity to accept responsibilities for the efficient and effective management of care provided within a safe environment (Hinhcliff et al, 2003). It involves being accountable in taking responsibilities to delegate aspects of care to other team members and to effectively facilitate/supervise their work. Both the nursing and other wider multidisciplinary team members should be involved in risk management which is the process of identifying risks that have adverse effects on the quality, safety a nd effectiveness of care delivered.They should also posses the ability to assess, evaluate and take positive actions to eliminate/reduce those risks (Hinchliff et al 2003). I will follow Gibbs (1988) reflective cycle, which is an Iterative Model based upon the idea that awareness, increased knowledge and skilfulness arise from the clockwise Ã¢â¬Ëmovements around the reflective cycleÃ¢â¬â¢ (Ghaye and Lillyman, 2001). GibbÃ¢â¬â¢s (1988) reflective model is a cyclical process with six stopping points from description of what happened, feelings of the individuals involved, valuation of the situation, analysis or making sense of what happened, conclusion to action plan and then back to description if needs be (Gibbs, 1988; Ghaye and Lillyman, 2001). I have maintained and developed a reflective journal during my clinical placement. The journal comprised of documented reflective accounts based on my own personal experiences which I have either learned from, feel I could have done better in, or times which I personally feel I have acted effectively in and improved on.To meet the requirement of this essay, the four areas of professional/ethical practice, care delivery, care management and personal/professional development will be discussed in a reflective format and the learning experiences will be displayed using the example below. REFLECTION ON LEARNING FROM PRACTICE EXPERIENCE. Description During my clinical placement, I joined Maureen, an Approved Social Worker (ASW) on a home visit to carry out an assessment of Jane, a 48year-old mother of four. Jane was referred to the community mental health team (CMHT) for social needsÃ¢â¬â¢ assessment by her Consultant Psychiatrist who had known her for over 2 years. She was receiving treatment for Agoraphobia (a morbid/abnormal fear of open/public places) and depression. I telephoned Jane to remind her of our visit before setting off. On arrival, Jane answered the door and we introduced ourselves before she allowed us in. She was very tearful with increased respiratory rates and pale in colour. She appeared very restless pacing all over the room and had difficulties in speaking at first.Maureen tried to find out what the problem was and she said; Ã¢â¬Å"I have got to do thisÃ¢â¬ ¦ I have been lying about it all, I never told anyone the truthÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦I was brought up by a lady who taught me to say nothing to no one. I cannot take it any more, you have got to help meÃ¢â¬ ¦ you have got to get me out of hereÃ¢â¬ ¦.. Ã¢â¬ Maureen led the interview with minimal interruption while I listened attentively. You read "Reflective Practice" in category "Papers" Jane expressed her self and we found out that she had been using crack cocaine, cannabis and diazepam (approximately 24-30 tablets a week) for a very long time.Jane said that Ã¢â¬Ëall hell broke loose and her body and mind fell apartÃ¢â¬â¢ when she completely stopped using all the substances 3 days before our visit. Jane developed both physical and psychological symptoms of increased anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, nightmares, fears of going mad, tight chest and breathless feeling, Ã¢â¬Å"flu-likeÃ¢â¬ symptoms, nausea, diarrhoea, distorted vision, dizziness, shaking and ringing in the ears. She had no suicidal feelings or aggression but she described creeping sensation on her skin and increased sensitivity to light, sound and touch. She lived with her boy-friend who also used and supplied the substances. None of her four children lived at home but two of her sons were said to be frequently in trouble with the police. She continuously begged to be taken out of her flat to get help. She was prescribed Venlafaxine 75mg three times a day which she was not using as she was taking other substances. Maureen attempted to contact JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s general practitioner (GP) but the surgery was closed. She also phoned the Home Treatment Team to ask for their services but this was not successful as Jane did not meet the criteria.Eventually, I suggested that we could take Jane to Accident and Emergency (AE) department where she would be checked up by the medical team as well as Liaison psychiatric services. However, Maureen contacted the duty psychiatrist who advised her to change JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s prescription of Venlafaxine to 75mg once a day. I told Maureen that according to my training, it was against the guidelines for administration of medicine to give/take prescription over the phone and that in case of any error or adverse reaction; we would be personally accountable regardless of the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s advice (NMC, 2004).Considering JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s physical condition, we explained to her the need to attend AE department. She expressed her fear of being judged by other people in the department but following our reassurance, she agreed. We accompanied Jane to the department where she was assessed by both teams. She was commenced on Zoplicone medication and allowed to go home the following morning. We made a follow up visit the following afternoon and Jane had marked improvement in her physical symptoms. Maureen asked if I was able to organise a GPÃ¢â¬â¢s appointment for Jane and make a referral to the Community drug team which I did.Jane was started on a gradual reduction dose of diazepam to limit the severity of withdrawal symptoms and her care was then transferred to the Community Drug Team who offered her immediate appointment. Feelings On reflection of the situation, I felt that we acted in the best interests of Jane, to promote and safeguard her well-being. I felt puzzled and speechless at the beginning as Jane had no known record of substance misuse on her file. She was very restless and tearful as she struggled to speak.She appeared very distressed and was breathing very fast. Maureen remained very calm while she encouraged Jane to express her feelings. It felt easier for me to remain silent and listen to Jane attentively as I had very limited knowledge of her difficulties. I also felt that the advice given to Maureen by the duty psychiatrist on phone to change the prescription of Venlafaxine was contrary to the NMC (2004) guides for administration of medicine. Any alteration/cancellation of a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s medication must be signed for by the prescribing doctor.Evaluation Section (1. 4) of the NMC code of professional conduct requires nurses to have a duty of care to their patients and clients, who are entitled to receive safe and competent care (NMC, 2004; DOH, 1999). On reflection, our decision to take Jane to AE was beneficial as she needed a careful check to exclude any physical conditions which represent a contraindication to the usual benzodiazepine regime. These include liver disease (cirrhosis) and chronic airway diseases which may develop into respiratory failure. Daily use of even therapeutic doses of benzodiazepines (such as diazepam) for longer than 4 weeks has been reported to result in physical dependence (Clayton and Stock, 2004). Jane reported to have been using diazepam including other substances like cocaine and cannabis for several years. Withdrawal syndrome occurred after she suddenly stopped the regular use. Healthcare professionals including qualified nurses, students and managers should be proactive to ensure that risk and quality management is their priority (DOH, 1999).This means that, we should be able to identify actual and potential risks to clients, their carers, others and ourselves to promote and maintain health and safety at all times (NMC, 2004). Jane was at risk of developing withdrawal seizure or fit as a result of Ã¢â¬Å"cold turkeyÃ¢â¬ . Stopping all at once overwhelmed Jane with severe withdrawal symptoms and as the pain and distress was unbearable; Jane would have started taking diazepam again, which can result in a sense of failure, or a fear of going through withdrawal again. Analysis Jane was very brave to seek help after so many failed attempts in the past.She thought that the information she had given us would be used to put her and her boyfriend in trouble. It is acknowledged that to trust another person with private and personal information about your-self is a significant matter. However according to the NMC (2004), if the person to whom the information is given to is a nurse, midwife, or a specialist community public health nurse, the patient or client has a right to believe that this information, given in confidence, will only be used for the purposes for which it was given and not be released to others without his/her permission.In contrast, I explained to Jane that the information she gave us would only be used for the purpose of her treatment and would not be released to others without her permission (NMC, 2004). As part of the shared values for all health care professionals caring for patients and clients in the United Kingdom, all nurses mus t: Ã¢â¬Å"respect the patient or client as an individual obtain consent before giving any treatment or care,Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ to maintain confidentiality of patientÃ¢â¬â¢s recordÃ¢â¬ ¦ co-operate with others in the team, Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦act to identify and minimise risk to patients and clientsÃ¢â¬ (NMC, 2004).This requires nurses to work co-operatively within teams and to respect the skills, expertise and contributions of their colleagues. My suggestion that Jane should be taken to AE was valued by Maureen and this increased my confidence in inter-professional practice. Conclusion Risk factors in any situation, habit, environment or physiological conditions such as those experienced by Jane, increase the vulnerability of an individual to other illnesses. If JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s habit of substance use was uncovered earlier during assessment, she would have received some help before stopping the diazepam use abruptly.Rather, a gradual reduction of the dose would have been carried out to limit the severity of the withdrawal (Clayton and Stock, 2004). Action plan In future if I come across a similar situation, I would probably make the same decision to refer the patient to hospital where he/she would be clinically assessed by qualified professionals and an appropriate plan of care drawn. To maximise compliance, it is important that the rate of dose reduction is negotiated with the patient. The patient will need to see a speciali st at least once a week for supervision of the withdrawal. This provides them with an opportunity to monitor the dose to the severity of any symptoms. Most of the patients will require observation as their withdrawal symptoms do not follow a linear reduction but tend to exhibit occasional peaks. I will also remember that where an aspect of care is beyond my competency, I will seek supervision to ensure safe and effective practice. I will try to work according to the guidelines laid down for any procedure. PROFESSIONAL/PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT, According to the NMC (2004), one must identify his/her own professional development needs though reflection.Since starting the Diploma in nursing, the key areas I feel I have developed greatly in include self awareness, assertiveness and communication. Communication is an important aspect of nursing, effective communication is central to providing sensitive and individualised care. Patient centred care involves respect for and responsiveness to patient preferences, needs and values. Achieving patient centred care requires complete and effective communication between healthcare workers and patients (Riley, 2000). When I first begun my nurse training, I was a quiet person who did not communicate much with others.I found it difficult to mix with people I did not know and I was quite happy to sit on the side lines and allow everyone else to do the talking for me. However I feel that the lectures and experiences I have had through out the course of my training regarding communication were extremely helpful. This allowed me to see how I could improve within myself and strengthen my communication skills and the important non-verbal communication. By reflecting on these lectures and paying more attention to how I portrayed myself, I discovered that I rarely made eye contact when speaking to people I did not know and I frequently stood with my arms folded. According to Riley (2000) we disclose ourselves in many ways, through what we say and do. This includes facial expressions, gestures and other forms on non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication does not involve words and is used unconsciously as we interact with other people (Riley, 2000). I learnt that my posture and standing with my arms folded could actually portray lack of interested in the other people (including clients) and to others; I may come across as hostile.Riley (2000) believes that if a non verbal message contradicts a friendly verbal one most people will believe the non verbal message. Eye contact is a powerful non verbal cue used as a method of regulating the flow of conversations for example, looking at someone normally means we would like to start a conversation with them (Riley, 2000). I have realised that by not making eye contact with new people, I was probably halting any chances I could have had to acquaint my-self with them. However, I am now more aware and conscious of my non verbal cues.I rarely stand with my arms folded and when speaking to people, I maintain eye-contact with them whether I know them or not. Riley (2000) argues that many of the unconscious judgements we make in regards to other people are based on the amount and type of eye-contact we make. In other words, communication is essential to our development as social beings. The ability to relate and communicate with others enables the development of either short or long-term relationships (Miller, 2002). ENQUIRY BASED LEARNING (EBL):Through the use of enquiry based I have developed the following Intellectual skills; Demonstrate a commitment to continuing professional development and lifelong learning through the development of skills in relation to self directed and independent study; use problem solving skills and decision making strategies to support sound clinical judgement, use skills of reflection, evaluation and critical thinking to support the delivery of care to people with mental health and their families / carers.I use scenarios to develop an understanding of practice theory links and inter-professional learning, which I can apply in my professional role in the future and the wider context of Health and Social care. I used a variety of learning methods such as lectures, student led seminars, small group work, skills based practice sessions, self directed studies including internet resources and through practice to promote the ethos of lifelong learning and take the responsibility for my own learning (Glenn and Wilkie, 2000).Summary The reflective learning has allowed me to enhance my personal learning, which has improved the way I will care for my patients in future and it has improved my confidence and ability to critically think and act while being self aware of the situation. More importantly, however, it reminded me to be more aware of patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ right to make a personal, informed choice about their nursing care and treatment. I know that failure to obtain informed choice and consent is a serious breach of conduct. NMC (2004: clause 1. ) In conclusion therefore, through reflective practice, I have heightened my awareness and increased my understanding of the true essence and value of nursing. It has also contributed to my professional development by helping me to recognise, understand and value my abilities, strengths, achievement and experiences. It also created opportunities for me to identify areas for improvement and self-development. Reflective practice therefore, should involve thinking consciously and systematically about professional actions and experiences in order to learn from and maintain/improve high standard of practice (Hinchliff et al, 2003). How to cite Reflective Practice, Essays
Monday, April 27, 2020
Your Dashboard will show this lesson is complete the next time you click the Dashboard link. * = Your answer was correctÃ Ã * = Your answer was incorrect and the correct answer is in red. | 1. Investing in the same TQM Initiative round after round will create Ã Ã Ã Ã A. ever increasing returns B. diminishing returns C. the same amount of return With sufficient investment, initiatives will improve processes and quality to the greatest extent possible, however, each initiative will reach a point where no further improvement is possible, therefore the investments create no additional returns. 2. According to the S-Shaped curve, diminishing returns for a single year budget become noticeable at Ã Ã Ã Ã A. $1,000,000 B. $1,500,000 C. $2,000,000 The S-Shaped curve predicts return on investment. Depending on the slope of the curve, the return on investment can be small or large. For example, suppose a project is budgeted at $500,000. This project might go through a plann ing stage that produces a set of recommendations, but there is no money left to implement the recommendations. We will write a custom essay sample on Tqm Quiz or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page At $1,000,000, sufficient funds are available to plan, and begin implementing the recommendations. At $1,500,000, the budget is sufficient to plan and put in place most of the recommendations. At $2,000,000, all of the recommendations have been implemented, and additional money beyond that level has little or no effect. | 3. If a company with low automation wanted to invest in a single area that exclusively lowers labor costs, they would select: Ã Ã Ã Ã A. QIT (Quality Initiative Training) B. Concurrent Engineering C. Vendor/JIT (Just in Time [Inventory]) The TQM area allows teams with an established strategy to invest in areas which will benefit them the most. For example, if a team formulates a strategy that sacrifices labor cost so it can complete RD projects faster, it would want to invest in QIT, which reduces labor costs. | 4. The exact outcome of TQM efforts appear on the TQM Report, and as bar charts on the TQM spreadsheet. These results are for Ã Ã Ã Ã A. the previous round only B. the upcoming round only C. cumulative for the previous and all remaining rounds (assuming no additional investment is made) Ã TQM investments take effect the year they are made, and are cumulative, paying off year after year. | 5. The TQM report can be accessed from A. The Capstone(r) Courier B. The Decisions menu. The TQM information appears on the last page of the Capstone Courier. | References Bradley, Leo H. Are You Ready for TQM?. American School Board Journal 180.12 (1993): 28-30. YAMAMOTO, MAYUMI, YUKINORI ISOMURA, and KEIGO YASUDA. Application of Total Quality Management (TQM) for Diabetes Patient Education Class in Primary Care: Improvement of Motivation for Faculties and Blood Glucose Control Levels for Patients. Diabetes 49.5 (2000): A176-A176. Keller, Paul. Six Sigma Demystified: a self-teaching guide. McGraw-Hill, 2004. Mehra, Satish, Joyce M. Hoffman, and Danilo Sirias. TQM as a management strategy for the next millennia. International Journal of Operations Production Management 21.5/6 (2001): 855-876. Durlabhji, Subhash G., and Marcelline R. Fusilier. The empowered classroom: Applying TQM to college teaching. Managing Service Quality: An International Journal 9.2 (1999): 110-115. Booth, David E. Statistical Methods for SPC and TQM. (1994): 420-421.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Effective Film essays Many people share their own beliefs and thoughts on what makes a film effective. There are many different reasons why a film can be effective or not effective. The goal of the creators and writers of the film are to capture the audiences attention by making an effective film. However, this is a very obscure question with no write or wrong answer because its solely based on ones opinion. From the very beginning when film was introduced and shown to audiences personal opinions have been the basic criteria for film analysis. The audiences purpose is to act as film critics and to reflect on the film. This is what brings up the question: What makes an effective film. Being that this question has multiple answers, I can only share my personal opinion. I feel that an effective film is one that serves its purpose. Every film has a different purpose or objective that its trying to convey to the audience. For example, a sad and depressing film would make the audience feel choked up, and drowned in tears. That would be considered an effective film because its goal was to take over the audiences emotions and make them tearful-eyed and weepy. Another example would be a comedy based film. This is focused around laughter, and humorous jokes that attempt to make the audience fall off their seats, bombarded with outrageous comedy. By doing this, the film would also be co nsidered effective because it got the job done. Their plan was successful and their responses were accurate. On the other hand this film would be labeled ineffective if its goal wasnt reached. For instance, a humorous film should make people laugh, if it makes people confused, disoriented, or disgusted, then its effectiveness was zero. The effectiveness of a film is depended upon the goals and the purpose of the film, and if these goals are accomplished. The fulfillment of these aspects is what makes an effec...
Monday, March 2, 2020
10 Ways to Get the Job You Love People generally get exactly what they are looking for, and people who are looking for a job- any job- are not an exception to the rule. They, in fact, illustrate the rule. They often make the mistake of settling for the first job opening available, which is understandable- responsible people have to do whatever it takes to meet their obligations. But if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be searching again in a few months, you should do your best to getÃ a job you love from the beginning. Here are 10 simple things you can do to helpÃ get once step closer to getting a job you love.Assess YourselfYou need to know what fits you the best. One simple way to do this is by taking self-assessment tests, which are typically short and widely available online- sometimes at no cost. Classic examples are available from Myers-Briggs or Keirsey. These tests will help you understand where your greatest potential for productivity, satisfaction, and success may be.Focus on the Best-Fitting JobsWhile the ur gent need may seem like the real issue, it is really the long-term need that deserves your attention. You will discover that as you assess yourself your focus will be much more finely tuned and you will find yourself looking for a job that is a good match. You will now be operating more efficiently, not wasting time filling out endless online applications for jobs you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really want in the first place.Nail Your ResumeLisa Cefali and Alesia Benedict offer several insights into nailing your resume:Write the resume for the reader. The hiring authority does not care that you played varsity basketball in high school or that your hobbies include collecting stained glass. They want to see your experience and accomplishments. Give them what they want.Connect the dots. Make it easy to for the reader to see why you are a good fit for the job by connecting the dots between your talents and skills and the job.DonÃ¢â¬â¢t write an introduction. Write an executive summary (and name it such) of the information that follows.Use keywords. Write with the language that appeared in the job posting. Some resumes are scanned for matching keywords before being read by a human.Nail Your Cover LetterEvery cover letter should be written exclusively for each job and company to which you apply. Within a matter of seconds, the recipient should be able to see that you are an excellent candidate for the job. The cover letter should do that, causing them to take particular note of the details in your resume. Restate the defined requirements of the job and show how you meet or exceed those specifications.Nail Your InterviewDonÃ¢â¬â¢t go to a job interview to decide if you want the job, because you have nothing to decide until an offer is put on the table. Martin Yates, the author of the bestseller, Knock Ã¢â¬â¢em Dead, says this about the interview:You go to a job interview to get a job offer. Nothing else matters, not the pay, the benefits, or the work environment; they are a ll irrelevant until an offer is on the table. The person on the other side of the desk is not your adversary. They want to find someone who can do the work, wants to do the work, and can get along with others so that they can and get back to their real work ASAP. Your job is to help them make that decision.Look for the Perfect MatchJob hunting is kind of like dating, only more complex and, typically, with more competition. Sign up with TheJobNetwork and let us help you find the perfect job match for you. Anybody can find a job. We can help you find the job you want.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Lesson Plan - Essay Example This article will be referred to in the context of presenting information to students and organizing the lesson plans. Specifically, the lessons are divided into several levels, which include recall, guided discussions, memory, critical thinking and reflection. The ability to combine these levels of learning is one that relates specifically to the statements and examination of this article as well as how teachers must approach learning in the classroom. At a specific level, there is a different role for management and implementation of different levels of critical thinking as well as an overall examination of how the overall curriculum should be both engaging while providing several levels of learning skills for students so they continue to be engaged in literacy and reading. The result will be the ability to impact students at both a basic and dimensional level, specifically with a focus on literacy and reading as well as critical thinking. Bull, G., & Anstey, M. (2003). Strategies for practicing multiliteracies. In G. Bull and M. Anstey (Eds.) The Literacy Lexicon 2nd ed., pp. 161-180. Sydney: Pearson Education Australia. (page 125 - 143 from Pedagogies in Practice) The concept of using multiliteracies will be highlighted in this article. The focus is to understand how literacy and reading doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide only a strong basis for reading and literature. More importantly, cognitive levels of responses, learning and evaluation will be understood through this specific article.